For more on why Luke-Acts is held with a higher level of confidence than Matthew and Mark, refer to the sections below.
Apart from Mark and Matthew, the secondary authorities of this list were disputed as being authoritative in early Christianity. For more information read The Formation of the Christian Biblical Canon by Lee M. McDonald, Available on Amazon: https://amzn.to/2OatQVh
The Pauline epistles in the list of Primary Authorities are in the approximate chronological order.
Mark is also problematic. During copying and transmission many variants were added to Mark harmonize it with Matthew. Mark was copied less frequently than Matthew and Luke in the first two centuries and there are few Greek manuscripts that attest to the original text. Versions of Mark also have different endings. Scholars use early Latin texts of Mark to get a better indication as to the original reading of Mark.
Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile a narrative of the things that have been accomplished among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word have delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having followed all things closely for some time past, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, that you may have certainty concerning the things you have been taught.
In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach, until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.
“In considering the authenticity of the Gospel of St. Luke, and the sources of his information, and the special opportunities enjoyed by him of acquiring a thorough knowledge of the facts and truths of Christianity, and the consequent claims he has upon our confidence, I spoke throughout as I should speak of any secular author, and without any reference to the inspiration of the writer.” (p.151)
“If I have provided by many “infallible proofs,” by external and internal evidence, that this Gospel was written by Luke the Physician, the beloved friend and companion of St. Paul, before the year A.D. 63 (and probably about A.D. 60), and that its authenticity carries with it the truth of the Christian religion, then I have a right to claim the full acceptance of the Christian faith by all before whom this evidence is laid, as the necessary act of a rational mind, and as the solemn duty of a reasonable moral agent.” (p.150)
"Luke is a historian of the first rank not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy; he is possessed of the true historic sense; he fixes his mind on the idea and plan that rules in the evolution of history, and proportions the scale of his treatment to the importance of each incident. He seizes the important and critical events and shows their true nature at greater length, while he touches lightly or omits entirely much that was valueless for his purpose. In short, this author should be placed among with the very greatest of historians." (p. 222)
Archive Link: https://archive.org/details/bearingofrecentd00ramsuoft/page/222/mode/2up
Amazon Link: https://amzn.to/3c2t990
With this book a foremost New Testament scholar makes a signal contribution to the literature about the times of the first apostles. This period, when the memory of Jesus was fresh yet no written literature about him existed, lends itself well to the descriptive treatment Dr. Cadbury employs. The purpose of these pages, he writes, is to establish not so much the accuracy of the book of Acts as the reality of the scenes and customs and mentality which it reflects.... We can walk where the Apostle Paul walked, see what he saw, and become increasingly at home in his world. Five chapters deal with each of the five cultural strands then existing: Roman, Greek, Jewish, Christian, and cosmopolitan. The sixth attempts to reconstruct the earliest history of the book of Acts.
Apart from the apostle Paul, Luke is arguably the most influential force in the canon of the New Testament. His Gospel and Acts occupy almost a third of the New Testament, and together their narrative voice carries us over a span of more than sixty years, from the birth of Jesus to the imprisonment of Paul in Rome. It is difficult to imagine our understanding of the New Testament period without Luke's writings. For this reason, the question of Luke's historical reliability has been repeatedly investigated. In this study Howard Marshall affirms Luke's trustworthiness as a historian. But Luke is more than a historian. He is also a theologian who finds his interpretive key in the great theme of salvation. Marshall provides us with a lucid guide to Luke's theology of salvation as it is unfurled in Gospel narrative, but always with a eye on its ongoing development in the companion work, the Acts of the Apostles. A postscript assesses the course of Lukan studies during the decade of 1979-1988.
Matthew has a number of issues that calls its credibility into question. These are summarized in the paper at the download link below. First, introductory notes about Matthew are provided relating to the source material, authorship, and structure. The Farrer theory provides additional rational for holding Matthew with increased skepticism considering the likelihood that Luke excluded much of the content from Matthew. Major contradictions of Matthew with other Gospel accounts are shown in the following section. Most of the contradictions in the New Testament are Matthew conflicting with Mark, Luke, and John. Other issues with Matthew are described in terms of problematic passages and inconsistent language including passages used for Judaizing Christians and others by Muslim apologists. Finally, evidence is provided against the traditional wording of Matthew 28:19 that indicates the trinitarian baptismal formula was added later and is not original to Matthew.
For the restoration of 1st century Apostolic Christianity and for the Kingdom of God and of His Christ – Jesus our Lord.
https://BestEnglishTranslations.com - Identifying the Best English Translations of the Bible
https://PreexistenceOfChrist.com - Understanding in what sense Christ preexisted
https://BaptismInJesusName.com – Following the original form of Christian baptism: “In Jesus Name"
https://ApostolicUnitarian.com - Following the Apostles Doctrine (Acts 2:38) and the Unitarian belief in one God, the Father, and one Lord, Jesus Christ (1Cor 8:5-6)
https://NTcanon.com - Reformed Arrangement of the New Testament Canon
https://NotUnderTheLaw.net – We are not under the law (not being outside the law of God) but under the law of Christ (1 Cor 9:20-21)
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